Alergia

Red Spots on Skin: 18 Causes, Photos (and What to Do)

Spots on the skin

Red spots on the skin are usually a sign of allergy or poor circulation, but they can also indicate more serious problems, such as infections, psoriasis, lupus, chickenpox, or even cancer.

It is important to pay attention to all the symptoms that arise along with the spots, such as itching, swelling, fever or cough, since they help the doctor to reach the correct diagnosis. In addition, knowing the time when the stains appeared can also help.

Ideally, always consult a dermatologist to assess the spots and identify the correct cause, initiating the most appropriate treatment, which may include the use of pain medications, anti-inflammatory drugs or antibiotics.

What can be the red spot

To more easily identify the cause of your red spot, please answer the following questions:

Causes of red spots on the skin

The main causes of red spots on the skin are:

1. Allergy

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Allergy

Like spots: of medium size, they can be red or white and itchy a lot, and may contain liquid or become inflamed, disappearing within 3 days. In the most severe cases, the red spots can be accompanied by symptoms such as shortness of breath, and can put life at risk.

Red spots due to allergy may arise after contact with plants, animal hair or ingestion of medicines, for example, but can also be caused by insect bites or food poisoning.

How to treat: Symptoms can be relieved with allergy medications like Loratadine, corticosteroids such as Prednisone, or application of creams such as Fenergan, prescribed by the dermatologist. See more about allergy treatment.

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2. 2. The mythois: the the a

MIcose

MIcose Minutes

How are the spots: they can appear anywhere on the body, different sizes and affect a well-delimited region of the body. In addition, there may also be bubble formation and peeling in the area. In some cases, the infection can spread to other parts of the body, which can lead to the appearance of other symptoms, such as itching and burning. See more details of the symptoms of mycosis on the skin.

How to treat: Antifungal drugs and sometimes antibiotics may be indicated by the dermatologist.

3. Zika virus

Zika

Zika

Like the spots: they are characterized by being small, slightly elevated red spots that produce itching and usually appear about 3 days after the mosquito bite. Zika spots usually appear first on the face and spread throughout the rest of the body within a few hours and last about 5 days, and are usually accompanied by other symptoms such as muscle or joint pain, for example. Here's how to know if you're with Zika.

How to treat: rest, hydration and medicines prescribed by the doctor such as Dipyrone or Paracetamol, to relieve symptoms and malad to be.

4. 4. Eczema

Eczema

Eczema

As are the spots: they cause a lot of itching, which can make the skin more red, in addition to being swollen. The spots may appear and disappear spontaneously over time, being more frequent in children and in health professionals who wash their hands with antiseptic soaps.

How to treat: use of anti-allergic remedies such as Loratadine and application of ointments or corticosteroid creams, such as Fenirax, prescribed by the dermatologist.

5. . 5. Rubella

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Rubella

As are the stains: they are small, flat, although some may be slightly elevated, and can join and form a larger stain, in addition to causing itching. They usually start on the face and back of the ears and in a short time spread through the body and last about 3 days.

How to treat: follow the treatment indicated by the doctor, which can be done with Paracetamol until the disease is properly controlled.

6. . 6. Psoriasis

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This image may present uncomfortable content to some people.Psoríase

Psoriasis

As are the spots: they have white center with red or pink edges, dry, that come down and that cause itching, and can also bleed, in some cases. These spots usually appear on the elbows, knees, buttocks or scalp. They are more frequent before the age of 30 and after the age of 50, are not contagious and are related to genetic factors.

How to treat: for the treatment of this type of stain, the dermatologist may indicate the use of some creams or anti-inflammatory ointments. In addition, it is also recommended to avoid sun exposure and consumption of foods rich in fat and industrialized products, giving preference to the consumption of foods rich in omega-3 and beta-carotenes. Know other important care during treatment for psoriasis.

7. 7. Lupus .

Lúpus

Lupus .

As are the spots: flat or elevated reddish spots that can appear anywhere on the body, being more frequent in women in the nose and cheeks, resembling a butterfly. Know how to recognize the symptoms of lupus.

How to treat: corticosteroid remedies and immunosuppressants guided by the doctor.

8. Rosacea

Rosácea

Rosacea

As are the spots: red spots that appear most often on the cheeks, forehead and nose in which small vessels can also be seen in the skin. In addition to the red spots, the skin becomes more sensitive, warm and can also be checked out swelling.

The spots can remain from weeks to months and disappear after a while, and may reappear and be accompanied by other characteristic symptoms.

How to treat: use of soap and neutral moisturizers to control redness, and in some cases, the dermatologist may indicate the use of antibiotics or anti-inflammatory drugs.

9. . . The Sarna

Sarna

The Sarna

As are the spots: red spots that appear mainly in the fingers and toes, and can also appear in the armpits, which itches a lot, especially at night.

Constant itching can lead to the development of skin ulcers, both in children and babies.

How to treat: application of creams and ointments indicated by the dermatologist according to the severity of the infection, and Ivermectin, Crotamiton or Permethrin may be indicated. Learn more about human scabies.

10. Brotoeja

Brotoeja

Brotoeja

How are the spots: small spots and red balls that cause burning and itching and that appear mainly in the pectoral region, thighs, face, neck and back.

How to treat: no specific treatment is required, it is only recommended to keep the region free of heat and apply cold compresses in the place where the sprouts appear.

11. The chickenpowpows and

Catapora

The chickenpowpows and

As are the spots: the spots of the chickenpox depend on the stage of the disease that the person is in, and small balls can be verified throughout the body and that produce a lot of itching. Then, liquid-filled bubbles that burst and lead to crusting can be seen. Here’s how to recognize the chickenpox stains.

How to treat: rest and use of Paracetamol and Iodovidone, to prevent the blisters from infecting, which should be used according to the doctor's guidance.

12. 12. Mealmpo

Sarampo

Mealmpo

How are the spots: small red spots, slightly elevated, that do not itic out and spread rapidly throughout the body. They first appear on the face and spread through the trunk and arms, and can be accompanied by fever. Take the online test to see if you can be with measles.

How to treat: rest, hydration and use of Paracetamol according to the recommendation of the doctor.

13. Skin cancer

Câncer de pele

Skin cancer

How are the spots: the spots depend on the type of skin cancer that the person has. However, the spots are usually small, irregularly shaped and can increase over time, and can bleed too, in some cases. In addition, some spots may be flat, extensive, or have a rough surface. Learn how to identify skin cancer.

How to treat: surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy according to the characteristics of the stain identified by the doctor after evaluation.

14. 14. Atopic dermatitis

Dermatite atópica

Atopic dermatitis

As are the spots: red spots that itch a lot, especially at night, and can slime, and can also contain liquid and later can generate a crust. Excessive itching can cause skin sores, as well as can also cause increased skin thickness in the area. Here's how to identify the types of dermatitis.

How to treat: creams and ointments with corticosteroids according to doctor's guidance.

15. Poor circulation

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Poor circulation

As are the spots: red spots, which can also have a yellowish or brown color, especially in the leg, in the ankle region, being usually accompanied by other symptoms such as itching of the skin, presence of vases or varicose veins, swollen feet or ankles, tingling sensation or pain. In the most severe cases, skin wounds may appear.

Red spots due to poor circulation may arise from standing for a long time, sitting or lying down, as in the case of bedridden people, or even due to health conditions such as varicose veins, venous insufficiency or deep vein thrombosis, for example, which results in a difficulty of blood returning from the legs to the heart, accumulating in the region, which may lead to the emergence of a chronic inflammation in the skin, known as dermatitis. Learn more about stasis dermatitis.

How to treat: treatment should be done with guidance from the angiologist, who may recommend the use of compression stockings to facilitate blood circulation, or in some cases, the use of ointments may be recommended to apply at the site of inflammation or oral antibiotics. In addition, it is recommended not to stand or sit too long, and, when possible, elevate the legs to prevent blood accumulation.

16. Erisipel

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Erisipel

As are the spots: red spots with elevated and irregular edges, and usually fever, chilling and malaise about 48 hours before the appearance of the spots, which may be accompanied by other symptoms such as burning sensation in the affected region, itching, pain or increased sensitivity. In more severe cases, blisters on the skin may appear, darkening of the skin in the affected area.

Erysipelas is an infection of the superficial layer of the skin, caused by the bacterium Streptcoccus pyogenes, which can penetrate the skin through a skin injury, such as wound or insect bite, but can also arise due to chronic venous ulcer or improper manipulation of the nails, frieze and athlete's foot. This infection usually affects the legs or feet, and people suffering from obesity, poorly controlled diabetes, eczema or leg ulcers have a higher risk of developing the infection.

How to treat: the treatment of erysipelas is done with the use of antibiotics prescribed by the dermatologist.

17. Líquen plan

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Líquen plan

As are the spots: the spots can appear in the form of small red or purple plates on the skin, which they itchy and usually have a bright surface covered by thin white stripes, being more common to appear on the wrist, ankle or the lumbar region of the back.

The lichen planus is an inflammation in the skin, and its causes are not fully known, but some factors can increase the risk of stains such as hepatitis C, stress or use of antimalarial drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or thiazide diuretics, for example.

How to treat: antiallergic or corticosteroids can be used in the form of ointment or tablet, as prescribed by the dermatologist. See the main treatments for lichen planus.

18. Skin scleroderma

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This image may present uncomfortable content to some people.Esclerodermia cutânea

Skin scleroderma

How are the spots: one or more red spots, which can become hardened and white in the center, with the reddish edges. Over time, the spots can become darker.

Scleroderma is a chronic autoimmune disease in which there is excessive production of collagen, leading to the appearance of symptoms in the skin, but can also affect some internal organs, such as the lungs and heart, or the joints, muscles and blood vessels.

How to treat: the treatment of cutaneous scleroderma can be done with the use of corticosteroids in the form of ointment or tablets, prescribed by the dermatologist. Check out the treatments that can be indicated for scleroderma.