Everything about gluten intolerance in animals!

Cats

A celiac disease is a health problem that affects humans around the world, but did you know that pets can also develop this condition?

Dogs and cats can be affected by celiac disease, widely known as gluten intolerance. This is an autoimmune condition that affects the gastrointestinal tract and, when left untreated, can cause a series of symptoms and health problems in the pet.

In this article, we'll explore more about celiac disease in dogs and cats, including its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

After all, what is gluten?

Various types of flour

It is a protein found in wheat, barley, rye, oats, triticale, malt and millet, and in all their derivatives, such as flour, bran and germ.

Its formation happens when water is added to flour, and two main components mix (gliadin and glutenin) and form a dough.

However, people use gluten in recipes because it helps with elasticity and viscosity. For example in breads, where it helps with growth, softness and good texture.

How does celiac disease start?

In animals, this condition can be hereditary or arise through a predisposition that appears throughout life. However, the disease may be exacerbated when consuming foods with gluten.

Signs and symptoms of gluten intolerance in animals

Cat with itchy body

Os gluten intolerance symptoms in dogs and cats can be varied, but generally include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • Weight loss
  • Skin problems such as itching and redness
  • Flatulence
  • Dor abdominal
  • Intestinal inflammation

However, these symptoms can be similar to those of other health conditions in dogs and cats, so it is extremely important to consult a veterinarian to confirm celiac disease.

Diagnosis and treatment

O celiac disease diagnosis it must be done by a veterinarian, through laboratory tests, such as blood tests to identify the level of intolerance, and in some cases an intestinal biopsy may also be requested by the professional.

Once the animal is diagnosed with the disease, treatment involves restricting gluten from the pet's diet, but always taking into account its healthy diet and quality of life.

In some cases, dietary supplements, probiotics and medications may be recommended to help alleviate the symptoms of gluten intolerance and improve the animal's overall health.

But remember, any medication given to your pet must be prescribed by a veterinary professional.

Prevention

In addition to periodic visits to the veterinarian, it is important that the animal's diet is very well controlled and always monitored by a professional.

Dog and cat at the vet

Now that you know everything about celiac disease, keep following the Pet Anjo blog to find out more about pet health.