Vatican City is one of the most popular destinations for people on holiday to Italy.
Most people do not know that this is a sovereign city-state. This means that it makes its own rules and has its own system independent of the Italian system.
The Vatican City is a walled state within the city of Rome. It is the smallest independent state in the world, with just over 100 acres.
The Holy See refers to the central government system of the Catholic Church led by the pope in 1929 under an agreement between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See. The pope is also known as the bishop of Rome.
The Vatican City houses the pope's official residence and are visited by millions of people every year on holiday in Italy.
You can enter the Vatican City via the famous St. Peter's Square. This square is characterized by the great Baroque architecture of 1600 to include symbols of the maternal church by embracing it in the arms.
St. Peter is another place that you can visit in the Vatican City during the holidays in Italy, because it is also found in St. Peter's Square. It is the most remarkable building of the Vatican City and the dome of this church can be seen a few miles away around Rome.
St. Peter's Basilica has 60,000 seats and is considered the largest building of the Christian church. He is known to be the burial place of St. Peter, he said to be the founding father of the Catholic Church as the first bishop of Rome. The discovery of his tomb was announced in 1950, after a decade of archaeological research.
The Catholic tradition says that St. Peter is buried under the altar of the Basilica and therefore all the popes were buried in the Basilica, the most recent being Pope John Paul II in April 2005.
At the entrance of the Basilica are the statues of Christ, St. John the Baptist and 11 of the 12 apostles. You can enter the Basilica for free during the Italian holidays if you are dressed properly, no shoulders or bare knees. If you would like to attend Mass, you should go to the basilica on a Sunday.
There are several other places to see here during your vacation in Italy. The largest museum in the world is also located in the Vatican City. They have more than 1400 rooms and galleries representing 3,000 years of art.
The Sistine Chapel is also here and is known to be the private chapel for which Carden chose a new pope.
So what is the best way to see all the sights that Vatican City has to offer during your holiday in Italy? There are guided tours available that can be done for half a day or more.
You can take a guided tour of the museum or just a guided tour to include all the important sites of the Vatican City and this will ensure you do not miss anything here on vacation in Italy.